November 11, 2009

Install Windows 7

Installing Windows 7 on a New System

If you’ve just built a new computer from scratch, or if you’ve replaced your old drive C: with a new hard drive, you will have to do a clean install of Windows 7. From a purely technological standpoint, this is really your best option. You don’t have to bring any of the old ‘‘baggage’’ with you, but there in lies an issue.

You can opt to do a clean install even if you already have a version of Windows installed on the hard drive; however, you must realize that doing so is very serious business. When you do a clean install, you wipe out everything on your hard drive. And I do mean everything — all programs, documents, settings, Internet account information — everything. There’s no getting any of that stuff back, either.

Gearing Up for a Clean Install

Most experts prefer to do a clean install when they upgrade to a new version of Windows, largely because it gets everything off to a clean start. Besides, it’s a great excuse for upgrading to a bigger and faster hard drive. You can use your original hard drive as a second hard drive and easily transfer documents from that drive to the new drive after you’ve installed Windows 7 on the new drive. However, you’ll still need to reinstall all your programs and redo all your settings after you complete the installation.

Back up all your data

If you intend to keep your existing C: as the C: drive after the clean install, it’s important that you understand that you will permanently lose everything on that drive during the clean install. Therefore, you should:

- Write down all of your Internet connection data so that you can reestablish your account after the clean install.

- Back up or export all your e-mail messages, names and addresses, Favorites, and anything else you’ll want after the clean install so that you can recover them. Remember, whatever you don’t save will be lost forever. However, this does not apply for Web-based e-mail accounts that do not store messages on your computer.

- Back up all your documents, because each and every one of them will be wiped out along with
Windows and all your programs.

A clean install permanently erases everything on your hard drive, which is basically everything that’s ‘‘in your computer.’’ Users who do not fully understand the ramifications of this should not attempt to do a clean install of Windows 7 or any other operating system. It’s extremely difficult to recover data from an erased drive, but if you need that kind of help, you can turn to a data recovery service such as Driver Savers.

If Windows is currently installed on the C: drive you intend to reuse, you can use the Windows Easy Transfer to back up all your documents and settings. Ideally, you want to back up the data to another computer in the network. Windows Easy Transfer allows you to transfer files and folders, e-mail settings, and many other personal items from your existing computer to the new computer or hard drive. You can do this by using a USB Easy Transfer cable, the network, DVDs or CDs, or other external USB devices.

Given that hard drives are so inexpensive these days, it almost seems a shame not to start the clean install from a new hard drive. You don’t have to worry about losing any data from the old drive if you do a clean install of Windows 7 to a new drive.

Make sure that you can boot from your CD or DVD

By far, the easiest way to do a clean install on a new drive is to boot from the Windows 7 disc. You’ll want to make sure that you can do this before you do anything inside the computer. Most discs aren’t bootable, so you need to insert the Windows disc into the drive and restart the computer. Watch for the Press any key to boot from CD or DVD countdown message, and tap the spacebar before the countdown runs out. (In case you’re curious, it’s five seconds.)

If you see the Windows is loading files message, you know you can boot from a disc. Press Ctrl+Alt+Del to reboot before setup actually starts, and remove the disc from the drive while the system is rebooting. Then, shut down the PC altogether. If you can’t boot the system from the Windows disc, you need to adjust your BIOS settings. Again, this isn’t something I can tell you how to do specifically, because it depends on your system’s BIOS.

But the usual scenario is to press F2 or Del as the computer is starting up to get to your BIOS setup. After you get into the BIOS settings, make sure that booting from the disc drive is enabled and that the disc drive has a higher priority than the hard drive.

If you’d rather not adjust your BIOS settings, many computers have the option of allowing you to select the boot device. Pressing a key during the startup process tells the BIOS that you want to select your boot device this one time. It can be the F10, F11, or F12 key, but you’ll want to check your computer’s documentation to find out which key it actually is.

If you do opt to change the BIOS settings, put the Windowsdiscbackintothediscdrive,saveyour BIOS settings, and exit so that the computer reboots again. If you got it right, you should see the Windows is loading files message again on restart, indicating that you’ve successfully booted from the disc. Cancel that startup as well, by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del, and remove the disc from the drive before the computer gets another chance to boot from the disc.

Installing a new C: drive

If you’re upgrading your C: drive along with your version of Windows, Step 1 is to hide existing hard drives from the system altogether so that to the BIOS, the new drive appears to be the only hard drive in the system. Simply disconnecting the power and interface plugs from the backs of the drives will do the trick. Never do anything inside your system case while the computer is turned on or even plugged into a power outlet. Wear an antistatic wrist strap to prevent static discharge from wiping out components and the warranties that go with them!

The next step involves getting the new drive installed to the point at which it’s at least recognized by the BIOS. I can’t tell you how to do that because the procedure varies from one drive manufacturer to the next. You must follow the instructions that came with the drive, or the instructions on the drive manufacturer’s Web site, to get to the point at which the system recognizes that drive at startup. Chances are, the drive manufacturer’s instructions will include steps to partition and format the drive. You should probably do so even if you intend to repartition and reformat the drive during the Windows 7 clean installation. You still won’t be able to boot from the drive, but at least the drive will be recognized as C during the Windows installation.

It’s also important to note which connection architecture your system uses, which determines how the
drive plugs into the motherboard. The vast majority of new systems today use Serial ATA (or SATA)
interface. Systems from a couple of years ago used both SATA and the older Parallel ATA (or PATA).
SATA cables are thin and have plastic connector tips, somewhat like USB. PATA cables are wide and
fiat and the connector blocks have two rows of holes.

The other part of the installation requires knowing how the drive will be powered. If you have a laptop, you need a 1.8-inch or 2.5-inch drive, and it will be bus powered. For desktop drives, you will either have the older Molex (white-tipped) power adapters or the newer, more common black- or red-tipped SATA power tips. Most systems have both Molex and SATA power adapters inside, but you need to pay close attention to the power that the drive needs. Some sATA drives come with Molex power ports, and you can find Molex-to-SATA type adapters online or in certain PC stores.

If you intend to handle the hard drive installation on your own, you need to become familiar with these interfaces and make sure that you get the correct drive to support it.

Doing the Clean Install

When you feel confident that you’ll be able to get back everything you want from your hard drive, you’re ready to start the clean install. Put the Windows disc in the disc drive and shut down the computer. Then, restart the computer and boot from the disc. Your system’s screen will go blank with a progress bar across the bottom of the screen while it copies some setup files. After the copy, the screen will change to a blue and green background, and you’ll be given a mouse pointer. Follow these steps to continue the installation:

1. At the Install Windows dialog box, select the Language, Time, and Currency format and the type of keyboard; then click the Next button.

2. Click the Install now link, and you’ll be prompted for the product key. After entering the product key, click the Next button.

3. If you accept the license terms, select the I Accept the License Terms box and click the Next button.

4. Select the Custom option to continue.

5. The next dialog box lists all the drives and partitions that the installation application sees on your system. Select the partition on which you want to install Windows 7. If you don’t see your drive, the controller your hard drive is connected to might require a special driver that the installation application doesn’t know about. You can click the Load Driver link to load the driver provided by the controller’s manufacturer. Clicking the Drive Options link enables the option to format the drive before installing Windows 7.

6. Select the partition on which Windows 7 will be installed and click the Format link. The installation application will prompt that the data on the drive will be erased and permanently deleted. Click the OK button as long as you are sure that your database has been saved elsewhere.

7. After the drive is formatted, the Total Size and Free Space columns will be almost identical. Don’t worry about any discrepancies. They are a result of how file systems and the formatting process works. Click the Next button to continue. At this point, the installation application will start copying files.

The Rest of the Installation

Copying the files and installing them to your system takes some time. When the installation continues, follow these steps:

1. You are prompted to create a username and password and optionally to choose a picture for your account.

2. Next, you need to create a name for your computer or use the name that the installation application has chosen for you. You can also choose a background image for your desktop.

3. In the Help Protect Windows Automatically dialog box, choosing Use Recommended Settings is usually best.

4. Choose your time zone and set the date and time in the Review Your Time and Date Settings dialog box; then click the Next button.

5. Finally, click the Start button, and the Windows 7 installation is complete.

The installation checks your system’s performance for a short time and then asks you to log in. At this point, Windows 7 has been installed, and you’re ready to start using it.

1 komentarze:

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