January 17, 2010

How To Install Windows 7

Step-by-Step: Windows 7 Clean Setup


This section walks you through the entire Windows 7 setup process, using Microsoft’s Setup Wizard. This application was completely overhauled for Windows Vista and then further streamlined for Windows 7, and it’s now much simpler and faster-moving, especially when compared to the version used in Windows XP.

Follows these instructions to install Windows 7:


1. Insert the Windows 7 DVD in your PC’s optical drive and reboot the system. After the BIOS screen fashes by, you may see a message alerting you to press any key to boot from the CD or DVD. If so, press a key. Some systems, however, do not provide this warning and instead boot from the DVD by default. A black screen with a pulsating Windows logo and the text “Starting Windows”will appear.








If your system does not boot from the DVD, you may need to change the system’s boot order so that the optical drive is checked before the frst hard drive. To do this, consult your PC’s documentation (see your mainboard instruction).


2. Eventually, the screen displays a colored background and the initial Setup window appears. Here, you can preconfgure the language, time and currency formats, and keyboard or input method you’ll use during Setup.



3. Click Next. A window titled Install Windows appears. To continue with Interactive Setup, click Install now



This window also provides a way to access Windows 7’s new recovery tools. If you run into a problem with Windows 7 later, such as not being able to boot into Windows for some reason, you can boot your system with the Setup DVD and use these tools to help fx the problem. Choose the link “Repair your computer”
to access these tools.


If for some reason your mouse doesn’t work, you can press Alt plus the related key on your keyboard to select the appropriate action. For example, pressing Alt+R on the keyboard will start the repair process.



4. In the next window, you must agree to the End User License Agreement (EULA).



5. In the next window, select Custom (advanced) as the install type. You don’t need to click the Next button here: just selecting an option will advance the wizard to the next step.



6. In the next window, choose the disk, or partition, to which you will install Windows 7. On a clean install, typically you will be installing Windows 7 to the only disk available.



You can access the Setup routine’s disk confguration tools by clicking the option “Drive options (advanced)” or by tapping Alt+A. These tools enable you to delete, create, and resize partitions if needed.

Note that you may see two or more partitions if your PC is confgured with two or more physical hard disks or a single disk that is divided into two or more partitions.

If you are performing a clean install on a previously used machine, we advise you to format the disk during this step.


In addition to the partition on which Windows 7 is installed—what Microsoft calls the system disk—Setup also creates a second, hidden partition at the root of the drive. This partition, which takes up 100MB of space, is there for two reasons: it provides space for Windows 7’s recovery tools, which, unlike in Vista, are installed to the hard drive by default so they’re always there; and it provides space for BitLocker, an optional disk encryption technology.


7. After you’ve selected the disk and formatted it if necessary, you can walk away from your computer for 10 to 20 minutes, depending on your hardware. During this time, Setup will copy the various fles it needs for installation to the hard drive, expand the Windows 7 image fle from the DVD, install Windows 7 and any included software updates, and complete the installation by attempting to load drivers for your hardware.


8. After a reboot or two, your PC will launch into the second, and fnal, interactive phase of Setup. You’ll know something wonderful is about to happen because you’ll see the screen in Figure 2-9 after Setup reboots for the fnal time.



During reboots, you may see the screen that says “Press any key to boot to the CD or DVD.” Once you’ve started Setup, ignore that or installation will restart.


9. In the frst screen after the reboot, you are prompted for a user name and a computer name.






Unlike Windows XP, Windows 7 does not create a visible administrator account automatically. Nor are you allowed to create up to fve user accounts, as you were during XP Setup. Instead, you can create a single user account during setup. That user account will be given administrator privileges. Subsequent user accounts—created in Windows 7 using the User Accounts Control Panel—are given limited user privileges by default, but that’s easy enough to change.

10. Next, you will be prompted to enter a password and a password hint. Alarmingly, this step is optional.




11. Enter your Windows product key. This is a 25-digit alphanumeric string—in blocks of fve separated by dashes—that you will fnd on a bright yellow product-key sticker somewhere in your Windows 7 packaging. You can also choose to have Windows 7 automatically activate for you.




As it turns out, you do not actually have to enter your product key here. If you don’t, you have 30 days to evaluate Windows 7 before the system forces you to enter the key and activate.


Do not lose your Windows 7 product key or give it away to anyone. Each Windows 7 product key is valid for exactly one PC. After you’ve installed Windows 7 and activated it—which ties the product key to your hardware—you won’t be able to use this number again on another PC, at least not easily. Note, however, that you can reinstall Windows 7 on the same PC using this same product key. If for some reason you are unable to electronically activate Windows later, Windows 7 will provide a phone number so you can do it manually.

12. Next, choose whether to enable Automatic Updates. You should use the recommended settings, in which Windows automatically downloads and installs all updates. Alternately, you can choose to install only importantupdates or be prompted later.




13. Confgure the time zone, date, and time.



Even if you’re not particularly careful about setting the time correctly here, Windows 7 will eventually adjust to the correct time automatically because it is confgured out of the box to synchronize with an Internet time server


14. If you are in range of a wireless network, Windows 7 Setup will prompt you to connect to a wireless network.


15. If you are connected to a wired or wireless network, you’ll see the current location screen shown in Figure. From here, you can choose whether the network you’re accessing is a Home network (and thus private), a Work network (also private), or a Public network (such as a library, coffee shop, or airport). Windows confgures networking appropriately in each case.

16. Next, you are asked to confgure a new Windows 7 feature called HomeGroup. Simply click Skip here. .


17. Now, Windows 7 fnalizes your settings, prepares your desktop.



18. You’re done! Well, not quite.


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